The name citrine comes from the French “citron” and
Latin “citrus” meaning lemon-colored. Citrine is a
variety of quartz, and quartz has been used in jewelry
for thousands of years. Naturally colored citrine is
rare, and today most citrine quartz is the result of heat
treatment of amethyst quartz. Even so, gems from the
Victorian era have surfaced, demonstrating that citrine
was treasured even in earlier times.
Citrine is the transparent, pale yellow to brownish
orange variety of quartz and is quite rare in nature.
In the days before modern gemology, its tawny
color caused it to be confused with topaz. In the
contemporary market, citrine’s most popular shade is
an earthy deep brownish or reddish orange. The finest
citrine color is a saturated yellow to reddish orange free
of brownish tints.
Believed to carry healing properties of the sun,
with restorative powers for the body and soul.
Eye-visible inclusions are not common in citrine but if
present they decrease its value.
The top sources for natural citrine are Bolivia,
Spain, Madagascar, Mexico and Uruguay. Amethyst
that is heat treated to a citrine color is mostly mined
in Brazil. In Bolivia, amethyst and citrine colors can
occur together in the same crystal. These unique
gems are called ametrine.